My Proposed Design Curriculum
I was thinking about Game Design degrees the other day. To be honest, as a 10 year veteran of the digital industry, I don't put much stock in them. As a degree holding business major, I don't put much stock in that, either. The thing is, design and business are things that you need to learn organically through experience. You're good at them based on your personality, your ambition, and the supplementary skills you have that bolster it.
I thought about the things that aid me most in my design and development efforts, so below is my proposed design curriculum for folks going to school to be game designers. I hope you're ready to enroll!
Statistics: Probability and statistics will teach you the fundamentals of almost any game. What are the chances of a particular outcome happening? How likely are you to win? What are the chances of a certain event revealing itself?
It's not just important that you understand this to craft the engine of your game. It's also important so that you develop basic muscles to gauge how difficult it will be for your players to calculate their odds. If players cannot make an educated decision based on the mechanisms you provide, your game might as well be random. So, leverage statistics to create a complex engine, but also use them to reign yourself in.
Macro-Economics: I think people often mistake Economics as a mathematical measure of a nation's money. More than anything, I think Economics are a method to explain human behavior. Economics often explains why people do the things they do. If you look to many of the most pivotal revolutions in history of them, many of them revolve around grievances...that are based on economics.
This is perhaps the most important class you can take at Hyperbole College of Games. Macro-Economics will introduce you to concepts such as:
- Trade, and why people do it
- Opportunity cost, and how you can leverage this in your design
- Dynamic cost, driven by supply and demand
- Sunk cost theory -- are you throwing good money, or effort, after bad?
- Market driven economy (which is another way of stating things already stated above)
Going deeper into economics is only to your benefit.
Intro to Computer Science: A basic understanding of computer science is crucial not so that you can code a digital version of your game, but so you can leverage the rigid logic of computer software to create smart, progressive decision chains into your game. Computer programming, distilled greatly for our purposes, often revolves around a few basic concepts.
- If this is the case, do this thing.
- If this is the case, do this thing OR this thing.
- If this is the case, do this thing, otherwise, do THIS thing.
- This thing always equals a set value.
- This thing always equals a set value, unless another condition is true.
Computer code is a series of simple Lego pieces that layer upon each other to create a rich and sophisticated series of commands. I am not a massive proponent of elegance at all costs. I am okay with complexity, but only when it has a purpose. As soon as you start introducing exceptions and conditional statements, the software that is your game is more complex.
We seek to provide a fundamental course on these Lego pieces so that when you add complexity you understand how it affects your overall software.
History: History is such a rich background of inspiration. There are so many excellent quotes that inspire ideas. If you look to military history alone, you can draw from it for decades of work.
Where Economics often provides a mathematical reason behind some of history's greatest events, the Historical angle tells the story. By focusing on the characters and how events change their lives, you learn the human perspective that makes it interesting and fun.
History is vast and has so many perspectives and interpretations. I recommend for your coursework that you focus in an area that is exciting to you. Recommendations include:
- The Roman Empire
- The History of the United States
- The Italian Renaissance
- The Russian Revolution and history of the Soviet Union
- World War II
- The History of Space Exploration
- The History of the British Empire
- Post-Colonial India
- Ancient China
Political Studies: Understanding the structures that govern humanity and why these structures are overturned is fascinating. Political studies will teach you about manipulating human passion, negotiation, compromise, and contracts.
We recommend you study political studies after you've taken a few courses on history and economics. These two will provide the foundation you need to understand HOW politics are fully leveraged, and why choices are made for certain political structures. Politics will teach you the levers by which to manipulate your opponents and how, as a designer, to provide your players the tools they need to create a rich, treacherous environment.
Technical Writing: Essential to design is the ability to communicate clearly and concisely to your audience. You will do this via cards, tokens, and most importantly, rules. Technical writing will teach you the crisp, precise language that you need to illustrate vast, complex worlds that are your game.
Technical writing is about excellent grammar, a broad vocabulary to know the perfect word for the situation, and how to communicate a great deal with few words.
This technical writing course will be full of practical course work. You will constantly be tasked with writing rules for simple folk games, using 15 or fewer words to communicate complex mechanisms, writing copy for advertisements and pitches, and more.
Geometry: Games have a lot to do with spatial relationships. I've always personally been on the Geometry side of the Geometry versus Algebra split, and I think it's a fantastic mathematical discipline. I especially love geometric proofs, which are a wonderful exercise in logic that will aid you greatly.
The Art Sampler: You don't need to be a fully fledged artist, but the art sampler will teach you some basic skills that will aid you in bringing your experience to life. And, also thinking about your game from a different angle. You'll learn about:
- A primer on anatomy for humans and common animals
- Color theory
- Basic principles of graphic design, specifically for legibility in what you're presenting
- Discussing lighting
- A primer on perspective and camera angles
- A sample of Art History to appreciate the greats
What has aided you in YOUR design efforts? What courses are missing from the curriculum?